Image: Air raid shelters down Elizabeth Street, Brisbane, 1942 [SLQ 166469]
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Brisbane was home to more than 350,000 people in 1941. However, over the next three years, Queensland became a support base for the war effort in the South West Pacific. Up to one million U.S. military personnel passed through the city en route to the Pacific War.
The South-West Pacific campaign was a theatre of war fought in the Pacific region during World War Two. It included the Philippines, Borneo, the Dutch East Indies (excluding Sumatra), East Timor, Australia, the Territories of Papua and New Guinea, and the western part of the Solomon Islands.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. A highly decorated soldier of both world wars, General MacArthur played a prominent role in the Pacific theatre during World War Two.